Haseldine v C.A. Daw

March 04, 2024
Micheal James

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Haseldine v C.A. Daw & Son Ltd (1941) stands as a cornerstone in English occupier’s liability law, defining the responsibilities of property owners for injuries caused by defective machinery maintained by independent contractors. The case centered on a tragic lift malfunction that injured a resident, sparking a legal debate about non-delegable duties of care and the limits of reliance on external service providers.


Mrs. Haseldine, a resident of a multi-story apartment block, suffered severe injuries while falling due to a sudden malfunction in the building’s lift. Investigations revealed a potential defect in the lift mechanism that allegedly went unnoticed during a recent inspection by C.A. Daw & Son Ltd, the engineering company contracted for regular maintenance.

Procedural History

Seeking compensation for her injuries, Mrs. Haseldine launched a lawsuit against both the apartment block owners, C.A. Daw & Son Ltd, and the lift manufacturer. The initial trial court found only the engineering company liable, reasoning that their negligence led to the malfunction. However, the apartment block owners, dissatisfied with the verdict, appealed the decision, arguing they should not be held accountable for a problem they directly neither caused nor had knowledge of.


Mrs. Haseldine countered that the apartment block owners, as occupiers of the premises, held a non-delegable duty to ensure the safety of their residents. She argued that this duty extended to the lift as an essential amenity, regardless of whom they entrusted with its maintenance.

The apartment block owners, on the other hand, emphasized their reliance on C.A. Daw & Son Ltd, a reputable engineering company responsible for routine inspections and upkeep. They asserted that delegating the maintenance task exonerated them from any liability for unforeseen equipment failures.

C.A. Daw & Son Ltd admitted their potential negligence in overlooking the defect during the inspection but challenged the claim of direct responsibility towards Mrs. Haseldine. They argued that their contractual relationship was solely with the apartment block owners, not individual residents.

Legal Analysis

The Court of Appeal delivered a landmark judgment, siding with Mrs. Haseldine and reinstating the apartment block owners’ liability alongside the engineering company. Lord Wright, delivering the judgment, acknowledged the general principle of delegation and accepted the apartment block owners’ due diligence in hiring competent contractors.

However, the court emphasized the existence of a non-delegable duty of care inherent in occupier’s liability. This duty, the court argued, compels property owners to ensure the overall safety of their premises, including ensuring the functionality of essential equipment like lifts, even when relying on independent contractors for maintenance.

Impact and Implications

Haseldine v Daw significantly impacted English occupier’s liability law, establishing a robust framework for assigning responsibility in cases involving independent contractors and defective equipment. The case clarified that while delegating maintenance tasks is permissible, the occupier’s non-delegable duty of care remains in effect, making them jointly accountable for failures resulting from negligence by contractors.

This ruling prompted businesses and property owners to reassess their risk management strategies and strengthen their oversight of external service providers to mitigate potential liability. Additionally, it empowered residents and tenants to hold occupiers accountable for ensuring the safety of their premises, regardless of the source of any malfunction.


Haseldine v Daw stands as a testament to the evolving nature of occupier’s liability, adapting to the complexities of modern building management and maintenance. The case emphasizes the importance of shared responsibility, highlighting the non-delegable duty of care alongside the need for due diligence in selecting and monitoring independent contractors. Its legacy continues to influence legal proceedings and shape safety practices in commercial and residential property management, ensuring a focus on preventing potential harm within occupied spaces.

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"Haseldine v C.A. Daw." MyLawTutor.net. 9 2012. All Answers Ltd. 04 2024 <https://www.mylawtutor.net/cases/haseldine-v-c-a-daw>.
"Haseldine v C.A. Daw." MyLawTutor. MyLawTutor.net, September 2012. Web. 23 April 2024. <https://www.mylawtutor.net/cases/haseldine-v-c-a-daw>.
MyLawTutor. September 2012. Haseldine v C.A. Daw. [online]. Available from: https://www.mylawtutor.net/cases/haseldine-v-c-a-daw [Accessed 23 April 2024].
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<ref>{{cite web|last=Tutor |first=MyLaw |url=https://www.mylawtutor.net/cases/haseldine-v-c-a-daw |title=Haseldine v C.A. Daw |publisher=MyLawTutor.net |date=September 2012 |accessdate=23 April 2024 |location=UK, USA}}</ref>

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