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Breach of Statutory Duty Lecture

. Last modified: January 31, 2024

Understanding the concept of “Breach of Statutory Duty” is essential for comprehending legal responsibilities within various contexts. This lecture aims to break down this complex topic into simple terms, exploring what it entails, its implications, and real-world examples to illustrate its significance. Introduction to Statutory Duty Statutory duty refers to legal obligations imposed by statutes […]

Does Prison Work? Arguments For and Against Prisons

. Last modified: January 31, 2024

The question of whether prisons fulfill their intended purposes is a deeply nuanced and multifaceted inquiry that delves into the very fabric of the criminal justice system. This exploration aims to comprehensively dissect the arguments both for and against prisons, meticulously examining their impact on individuals and society. The intricacies surrounding the efficacy of prisons […]

Olley v Marlborough Court Hotel

. Last modified: January 31, 2024

Introduction to Olley v Marlborough Court Hotel: In the annals of English Hotel Liability Law, 1949 witnessed a pivotal case: Olley v Marlborough Court Hotel. A missing fur coat, belonging to Mrs. Olley, became the unexpected thread unraveling the fabric of guest property security, sparking a legal battle that redefined hotel responsibility. This case study […]

Agreement Case Summaries – Formation, Acceptance, Termination

. Last modified: January 31, 2024

Understanding the intricacies of agreements is fundamental in legal contexts. This exploration delves into key cases that illuminate the processes of formation, acceptance, and termination of agreements, simplifying complex legal concepts. Formation of Agreements Carlill v Carbolic Smoke Ball Company (1893) In this landmark case, Carbolic Smoke Ball Company advertised a reward for those who […]

Principles of Sentencing Lecture

. Last modified: January 31, 2024

Sentencing is a critical aspect of the legal system, determining the consequences for individuals convicted of criminal offenses. The Principles of Sentencing Lecture serves as a cornerstone in understanding the guiding principles that judges consider when imposing sentences. This comprehensive overview aims to break down these principles in simple and accessible language. Introduction Sentencing is […]

McLoughlin v O’Brian

. Last modified: January 29, 2024

Introduction to McLoughlin v O’Brian: The year 1982 witnessed a profound shift in English Tort Law with the landmark case of McLoughlin v O’Brian. This case delved into the uncharted territory of psychiatric injury caused by negligence, reshaping legal precedents and offering a lifeline to those grappling with the invisible wounds of emotional trauma. Mrs. […]

Writing a Law Dissertation – what is expected?

. Last modified: January 29, 2024

Undertaking the task of writing a law dissertation is a significant academic endeavor, demanding careful planning and a thorough understanding of what is expected. This comprehensive guide aims to break down the essential elements of a law dissertation in clear and accessible language. Introduction to Law Dissertation: A law dissertation is a substantial piece of […]

R v G (2003) – Recklessness in Criminal Law

. Last modified: January 26, 2024

Introduction to R v G (2003) – Recklessness in Criminal Law The legal landscape of England witnessed a pivotal shift in 2003 with the judgment in R v G, a case redefining the very concept of “recklessness” in criminal law. The case revolved around two young boys charged with criminal damage under the Criminal Damage […]

Phipps v Rochester Corporation – 1955

. Last modified: January 26, 2024

Introduction to Phipps v Rochester Corporation – 1955: A young boy’s tumble on a dangerous piece of land in 1955 sparked a landmark legal battle in England, shaping the landscape of occupiers’ liability towards children. Phipps v Rochester Corporation (1955) remains a pivotal case, raising compelling questions about responsibility, risk, and duty of care. Facts […]

Chapelton v Barry Urban District Council – 1940

. Last modified: January 26, 2024

Introduction to Chapelton v Barry Urban District Council – 1940 Chapelton v Barry Urban District Council (1940) stands as a pivotal case in English contract law, offering a nuanced perspective on the interplay between offer and acceptance, exclusion clauses, and negligence in everyday transactions. The seemingly simple matter of renting a deck chair unfolded into […]

Bettini v Gye

. Last modified: January 26, 2024

Introduction to Bettini v Gye Bettini v Gye (1876) stands as a landmark case in English contract law, offering a nuanced perspective on the interplay between express contractual terms and implied warranties in the context of performance contracts. The case revolved around the renowned Italian opera singer Alessandro Bettini and his dramatic dispute with Frederick […]

Poussard v Spiers

. Last modified: January 26, 2024

Introduction Poussard v Spiers (1876) stands as a cornerstone case in English contract law, shedding light on the critical distinction between conditions and warranties in performance contracts. The conflict arose from a dramatic soprano’s sudden illness and its impact on her operatic engagement, sparking a contentious legal battle concerning breach of contract, rescission, and the […]

The Mareva Injunction

. Last modified: January 26, 2024

Introduction: The Mareva Injunction, born out of the landmark case Mareva Compania Naviera SA v International Bulkcarriers SA (The Mareva) in 1975, stands as a robust legal remedy designed to prevent the dissipation of assets during legal disputes. Its evolution addressed a critical gap in the law, offering an equitable solution to curb defendants’ attempts […]

Spring v Guardian Assurance plc – 1994

. Last modified: January 26, 2024

Introduction to Spring v Guardian Assurance plc – 1994 Spring v Guardian Assurance plc [1994] stands as a pivotal case in British employment law, reshaping the landscape of employer responsibility regarding job references. The crux of the case stemmed from a seemingly simple question: does an employer owe a duty of care to a former […]

Psychiatric Injury Law

. Last modified: January 26, 2024

Introduction: Psychiatric injury law, often intertwined with personal injury and negligence claims, addresses the complexities surrounding mental harm inflicted on individuals. This essay delves into the multifaceted aspects of psychiatric injury law, exploring its historical development, key legal principles, challenges in establishing causation, evolving approaches, and the broader societal implications of recognizing mental harm within […]

Tinsley v Milligan [1994]

. Last modified: January 26, 2024

Introduction to Tinsley v Milligan [1994] Tinsley v Milligan [1994] stands as a landmark case in English trust law, addressing the complex interplay between resulting trusts, the presumption of advancement, and the potential taint of illegality. In essence, the case revolved around the ownership of a property purchased jointly by two cohabiting partners, Ms. Tinsley […]

Pharmaceutical Society v Boots – 1953

. Last modified: January 26, 2024

Introduction to Pharmaceutical Society v Boots – 1953: In the bustling world of retail, amidst aisles lined with products and customers seeking convenience, Pharmaceutical Society v Boots (1953) stands as a landmark case. This legal battle, fought amongst shelves and payment counters, centered on a seemingly simple question: at what point does a self-service display […]

Three Certainties to Form a Trust

. Last modified: January 26, 2024

Introduction: Trusts, as foundational components of legal structures, are contingent upon three certainties that delineate their formation. This essay delves into the intricacies of the “Three Certainties” doctrine—certainty of intention, certainty of subject matter, and certainty of objects. These certainties, acting as the pillars of trust law, establish a robust framework for the creation and […]

Collins v Godefroy – (1831)

. Last modified: January 24, 2024

Introduction to Collins v Godefroy – (1831): In the annals of contract law, Collins v Godefroy (1831) stands as a landmark case, illuminating the intricacies of consideration and the delicate balance between promises and legal obligations. The case centered on a dispute between Mr. Collins, a witness subpoenaed to court, and Mr. Godefroy, the party […]

The Rules Behind Statutory Interpretation

. Last modified: January 24, 2024

Introduction: Statutory interpretation is a crucial skill in the legal realm, requiring practitioners and scholars alike to decipher the often intricate language of statutes. This essay aims to explore the rules governing statutory interpretation, shedding light on the methodologies employed by courts to derive meaning from legislative texts. As we navigate the labyrinth of legal […]

Currie v Misa – Summary

. Last modified: January 24, 2024

Introduction to Currie v Misa – Summary: Currie v Misa, decided in 1875-76 by the English courts, stands as a cornerstone in contract law, defining the crucial principle of consideration. The case centered on Mr. Misa’s refusal to honor four bills of exchange acquired by Mr. Currie, a banker, and the legal question hinged on […]

Three Certainties to Form a Trust

. Last modified: January 24, 2024

Introduction: Trusts, as foundational components of legal structures, are contingent upon three certainties that delineate their formation. This essay delves into the intricacies of the “Three Certainties” doctrine—certainty of intention, certainty of subject matter, and certainty of objects. These certainties, acting as the pillars of trust law, establish a robust framework for the creation and […]

Ready Mixed Concrete v Minister of Pensions

. Last modified: January 24, 2024

Introduction to Ready Mixed Concrete v Minister of Pensions: In the intricate realm of employment law, the case of Ready Mixed Concrete (South East) Ltd v Minister of Pensions and National Insurance (1968) stands as a milestone, offering profound insights into the determination of employment status and its implications on National Insurance contributions. The crux […]

Re Selectmove – 1995

. Last modified: January 24, 2024

Introduction to Re Selectmove – 1995: Selectmove, a struggling company, owed the Inland Revenue substantial sums in taxes and National Insurance contributions. Facing potential winding-up proceedings, the company’s managing director met with a tax representative. A negotiation ensued, culminating in a proposal: Selectmove would pay its arrears in installments instead of facing immediate closure. A […]

Defamation, Libel, Slander and Defences Lecture

. Last modified: January 24, 2024

 Introduction: Defamation, a legal concept that encompasses libel and slander, plays a pivotal role in safeguarding reputations while balancing the right to free speech. This comprehensive analysis aims to unravel the intricacies of defamation law, focusing on libel and slander, and examining key defenses available to parties accused of making defamatory statements. In this lecture, […]

Tinn v Hoffman and Co 1873

. Last modified: January 24, 2024

Introduction to Tinn v Hoffman and Co 1873: Imagine a handshake deal gone wrong, a misunderstanding over a hefty iron order, and a subsequent legal battle that reshaped the very fabric of contract formation. This is the story of Tinn v Hoffman and Co (1873), a pivotal case that shed light on the intricate interplay […]

Brogden v Metropolitan Rly Co

. Last modified: January 24, 2024

Introduction to Brogden v Metropolitan Rly Co: In Brogden v Metropolitan Railway Co., the primary legal issue revolved around the existence and terms of a contract between the plaintiff, Brogden, and the defendant, Metropolitan Railway Co. The dispute arose from the evolving business relationship between the parties. Brogden had been supplying coal to the Metropolitan […]

Sumpter v Hedges – 1898

. Last modified: January 24, 2024

Introduction to Sumpter v Hedges – 1898: In 1897, Mr. Sumpter, eager to build two houses and stables on his land, entered a contract with Mr. Hedges, a builder. The agreement stipulated a lump sum payment upon completion. Mr. Hedges began construction, but after laying the foundations and partially erecting the structures, he abruptly abandoned […]

Bolitho v City and Hackney Health Authority

. Last modified: January 24, 2024

Introduction to Bolitho v City and Hackney Health Authority: In 1994, Patrick Bolitho, a young boy, arrived at the hospital suffering from respiratory distress. Crucially, due to a low battery in a doctor’s pager, critical medical attention was delayed. This delay had devastating consequences – Patrick suffered cardiac arrest and sustained severe brain damage, ultimately […]

Bannerman v White – 1861

. Last modified: January 24, 2024

Introduction to Bannerman v White – 1861 In 1861, a significant legal dispute arose between two parties, Bannerman and White, marking a pivotal moment in contract law. To understand the case better, let’s delve into the historical background and the core legal issue that shaped the Bannerman v White case. Bannerman, the plaintiff, and White, […]

Leaf v International Galleries – 1950

. Last modified: January 23, 2024

Introduction: In 1944, enticed by the allure of owning a Constable, Mr. Leaf paid a hefty £85 for a painting at International Galleries. The value, inflated by the gallery’s confident claim of authenticity, seemed justified by the prospect of owning a piece of artistic history. However, five years later, when Mr. Leaf tried to sell […]

City of London Building Society v Flegg

. Last modified: January 22, 2024

Introduction to City of London Building Society v Flegg Bleak House, nestled in the charming English countryside, held promise not just for shelter but for family ties and shared dreams. It became the stage for a legal drama that would reverberate through English land law, a battle over property rights fought not on bloodlines but […]

Oscar Chess v Williams – 1957

. Last modified: January 22, 2024

Introduction to Oscar Chess v Williams – 1957 The bustling streets of London in 1957 were home to many a deal, but none as questionable as the one struck between Oscar Chess Ltd., a seasoned car dealer, and Mr. Williams, a private seller. In the heart of the automotive scene, a Morris car changed hands, […]

Article 30 TFEU

. Last modified: January 22, 2024

Introduction to Article 30 TFEU: In the expansive realm of European Union law, Article 30 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) plays a pivotal role. This article, focused on the prohibition of quantitative restrictions between Member States, serves as a cornerstone in fostering the principles of the internal market. This […]

Osman v UK

. Last modified: January 22, 2024

Introduction to Osman v UK Osman v UK” is a landmark case that was brought before the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in 1998. The case centers around Ahmet Osman, a Turkish Cypriot, who alleged that the United Kingdom violated his right to life, as protected by Article 2 of the European Convention on […]

R v Majewski

. Last modified: January 22, 2024

Introduction to R v Majewski In the annals of legal history, the case of “R v Majewski” stands as a noteworthy episode, emblematic of the complex intersection between criminal law and individual responsibility. The unfolding of events in this case involved a series of incidents that would eventually culminate in legal proceedings against the defendant, […]

R v Franklin – 1883

. Last modified: January 22, 2024

 Introduction to R v Franklin – 1883 In the annals of legal history, R v Franklin – 1883 stands as a pivotal case that warrants careful examination. This introduction provides a comprehensive overview, delving into the historical context and significance of the case while identifying the key parties involved. As we journey back to the […]

Airedale NHS Trust v Bland

. Last modified: January 22, 2024

Introduction to Airedale NHS Trust v Bland Airedale NHS Trust v Bland stands as a landmark case, delving into the intersection of medical ethics and the law. This exploration begins by providing an overview of the case, identifying the involved parties, and establishing a timeline of events leading to the complex legal dispute. Background The […]

Young v Bristol Aeroplane Company Limited

. Last modified: January 22, 2024

Introduction to Young v Bristol Aeroplane Company Limited Young v Bristol Aeroplane Company Limited stands as a significant legal episode, unraveling complexities within the framework of legal disputes. In this exploration, we delve into the essence of the case, identify the involved parties, and establish a timeline of pertinent events leading to the legal confrontation. […]

Wainwright v Home Office

. Last modified: January 22, 2024

Introduction to Wainwright v Home Office In the realm of legal stories, Wainwright v Home Office is a compelling narrative. Picture it like a mystery we’re about to uncover. The main characters are Wainwright and the Home Office, and they find themselves entangled in a legal dispute. Our journey begins by grasping the essence of […]

Establishing Certainty of Objects in Trusts

. Last modified: January 22, 2024

Introduction to Establishing Certainty of Objects in Trusts Trusts, integral components of the legal framework, play a pivotal role in managing assets and ensuring their effective distribution. This essay delves into the critical aspect of “certainty of objects” within trusts, exploring its significance, historical foundations, and contemporary implications. Certainty of objects dictates that beneficiaries must […]

Sweet v Parsley – 1970

. Last modified: January 22, 2024

Introduction to Sweet v Parsley – 1970 Sweet v Parsley – 1970 is a legal milestone that unfolded in the intricate tapestry of judicial history. This case, while seeming complex, can be broken down into a comprehensible narrative. Imagine a legal tale where key players and pivotal events set the stage for a significant legal […]

Grant v Edwards

. Last modified: January 22, 2024

Introduction to Grant v Edwards The legal saga of Grant v Edwards unfolds as a crucial chapter in the annals of law, marked by intricate legal questions and profound implications. This case, at its core, involves the clash of legal principles, exploring the nuances of a dispute between two parties, Grant and Edwards. This comprehensive […]

Smith v Leech Brain & Co Ltd

. Last modified: January 22, 2024

Introduction Smith v Leech Brain & Co Ltd The case of Smith v Leech Brain & Co Ltd marks a pivotal juncture in tort law, spotlighting the cornerstone principle of foreseeability in determining liability. Its significance reverberates through legal corridors, serving as a compass guiding courts in navigating complex negligence claims. This landmark case is […]

Douglas v Hello Ltd

. Last modified: January 23, 2024

Introduction to Douglas v Hello Ltd The case of Douglas v Hello Ltd stands as a landmark in the intersection of privacy and media law, shedding light on the legal implications surrounding the unauthorized publication of private events. In this case, the parties involved, the Douglases and the media company Hello Ltd, became entangled in […]

Stevenson Jacques & Co v Mclean

. Last modified: January 23, 2024

Introduction to Stevenson Jacques & Co v Mclean Stevenson Jacques & Co v Mclean is a legal narrative etched in history, a puzzle piece in the intricate tapestry of legal evolution. Transporting ourselves to the past, this case, like a captivating story, demands our attention. The introduction serves as our entry point, delving into why […]

Raffles v Wichelhaus – 1864

. Last modified: January 23, 2024

Introduction to Raffles v Wichelhaus – 1864 Raffles v Wichelhaus – 1864 is a legal enigma that unfolded in a bygone era, holding profound significance. Transporting ourselves to 1864, we embark on a journey through legal intricacies that shaped this case. The historical backdrop and legal framework of the time become vital, offering a lens […]

Re McArdle – 1951

. Last modified: January 18, 2024

Introduction to Re McArdle – 1951 Re McArdle – 1951 stands as a significant chapter in legal history, akin to a captivating puzzle that left a lasting mark. In the early 1950s, the legal landscape was evolving, and this case played a crucial role in shaping those changes. Understanding why this case became a focal […]

White and Others v Chief Constable of South Yorkshire

. Last modified: January 18, 2024

Introduction to White and Others v Chief Constable of South Yorkshire The legal case of White and Others v Chief Constable of South Yorkshire is of paramount importance, and delving into its complexities is essential. This case gained prominence due to its significant impact on legal discussions and its role in shaping relevant laws. To […]

Lampleigh v Braithwaite

. Last modified: January 18, 2024

Introduction to Lampleigh v Braithwaite Lampleigh v Braithwaite is a landmark legal case with profound implications. Emerging from historical roots, this case bears importance in shaping legal principles. By providing a nuanced overview, we delve into the contextual landscape that defined Lampleigh v Braithwaite’s legal significance. Understanding the broader legal framework within which this case […]

Beswick v Beswick – 1968

. Last modified: January 18, 2024

Introduction to Beswick v Beswick – 1968 The landmark case of Beswick v Beswick in 1968 is an essential study in legal history, unraveling intricate issues within a specific legal framework. Delving into the case’s introduction necessitates a journey back in time to grasp the historical context that set the stage for this legal dispute. […]

Hodgson v Marks

. Last modified: January 18, 2024

Introduction to Hodgson v Marks Hodgson v Marks, a legal milestone, emerged in the late 20th century, tackling pivotal issues within a specific legal framework. As we delve into this case, it’s essential to grasp its historical context. The case’s legal significance lies in its ability to shape subsequent legal discourse, making it a crucial […]

Gillick v West Norfolk AHA

. Last modified: January 18, 2024

Introduction to Gillick v West Norfolk AHA Gillick v West Norfolk AHA stands as a pivotal case in the late 20th century, addressing the intricate balance between parental rights and a minor’s autonomy in healthcare decisions. In the late 1970s, Victoria Gillick raised concerns about her children’s access to contraception without parental consent, sparking a […]

Routledge v Grant 1828

. Last modified: January 18, 2024

Case Summary: Routledge v Grant (1828) is a landmark English contract law case that centers around the concept of offer and acceptance, specifically addressing the timeframe for acceptance and the potential for revocation before acceptance is communicated. It clarifies that an offeror retains the right to withdraw their offer before it is formally accepted by […]

Henthorn v Fraser – 1892

. Last modified: January 18, 2024

Case Summary: Henthorn v Fraser (1892) is a landmark English contract law case that delves into the concept of revocation of offer and its timing in relation to acceptance. It clarifies the principle that an offer can be revoked before it is accepted, leaving the offeree without a valid contract. Facts of the Case: Mr. […]

White v Bluett – 1853

. Last modified: January 18, 2024

Case Summary: White v Bluett (1853) is a cornerstone case in English contract law, exploring the concept of consideration and its essentiality for forming a binding agreement. It challenges the notion of promises without tangible benefit being enforceable contracts. Facts of the Case: Mr. Bluett borrowed money from his son, Mr. Young Bluett, and signed a promissory note acknowledging […]

Hill v Tupper

. Last modified: January 18, 2024

Introduction to Hill v Tupper The case of Hill v Tupper marks a significant juncture in contract law, illuminating the criticality of consideration in contract formation. Hill v Tupper’s enduring relevance lies in its profound impact on the foundational principles governing contracts. It remains a pivotal case, serving as a beacon for legal scholars and […]

Anns v Merton London Borough Council

. Last modified: January 18, 2024

Introduction to Anns v Merton London Borough Council The case of Anns v Merton London Borough Council is a significant milestone in the world of law, particularly in tort law. It helped establish principles that determine when a duty of care arises in negligence cases. This case study aims to explore the details of this […]

National Provincial Bank v Ainsworth

. Last modified: January 18, 2024

Case Summary: National Provincial Bank v Ainsworth (1965) is a landmark English property law case that examines the rights of occupants against registered charges on a property. It clarifies the concept of overriding interests and their power to prevail over legal claims based on registered charges. Facts of the Case: Mr. Ainsworth purchased a house and […]

Ruxley v Forsyth – Case Brief

. Last modified: January 18, 2024

Introduction Ruxley v Forsyth – Case Brief: The legal case known as “Ruxley v Forsyth” is recorded in legal documents as [1996] A.C. 344 (HL). This case is centered on a dispute between Ruxley, who initiated the legal action, and Forsyth, the defendant. Their disagreement stemmed from a swimming pool construction project. The citation [1996] […]

Pettitt v Pettitt

. Last modified: January 18, 2024

Introduction Pettitt v Pettitt Pettitt v Pettitt is a significant case in property law, focusing on property rights arising from a marital relationship. It holds substantial importance due to its impact on understanding the division of property after the breakdown of a marriage. The case is crucial in exploring the legal principles surrounding the contributions […]

Pao On v Lau Yiu Long – Past Consideration

. Last modified: January 18, 2024

Introduction Pao On v Lau Yiu Long – Past Consideration Pao On v Lau Yiu Long is a landmark case within contract law, shedding light on the critical aspect of consideration in contractual agreements. Consideration refers to something of value exchanged between parties, forming the basis of a binding contract. This case holds significant importance […]

Ingram v Little – 1961

. Last modified: January 18, 2024

Introduction Ingram v Little – 1961: The case of Ingram v Little, decided in the House of Lords in 1961, stands as a significant legal milestone within property law. This landmark case drew attention due to its pivotal role in shaping interpretations of property rights. Ingram v Little’s impact reverberated beyond its immediate circumstances, influencing […]

Watt v Hertfordshire County Council – 1954

. Last modified: January 15, 2024

Introduction to Watt v Hertfordshire County Council – 1954: The case stemmed from an incident where Mr. Watt encountered an accident due to a defective road maintained by the Hertfordshire County Council. The main contention was whether the Council had fulfilled its duty of care towards road users. Mr. Watt argued that the Council’s negligence […]

Haley v London Electricity Board – 1965

. Last modified: January 15, 2024

Introduction to Haley v London Electricity Board – 1965: Haley v London Electricity Board [1965] is a landmark case in the realm of tort law, particularly in the area of negligence. The case revolved around the duty of care owed by a party in circumstances where potential harm could be reasonably foreseen. It significantly contributed […]

Theft Act 1968 Summary

. Last modified: January 15, 2024

The Theft Act 1968 stands as a cornerstone legislation within the English criminal law system, providing a comprehensive framework for defining and addressing various forms of theft and related offenses. Enacted to modernize and consolidate existing laws concerning theft and related offenses, the Act has been instrumental in shaping the legal landscape surrounding property crimes […]

Patel v Mirza [2016]

. Last modified: January 15, 2024

Introduction to Patel v Mirza [2016]: Patel and Mirza were parties involved in a contractual agreement. Patel provided money to Mirza as part of an arrangement based on confidential information for making financial investments. However, this information was obtained unlawfully, raising questions about the legality of the contract. The key legal question centered on whether […]

R v Jogee [2016] UKSC 8

. Last modified: January 15, 2024

Introduction to R v Jogee [2016] UKSC 8: The background context of R v Jogee involved the appellant, Mr. Jogee, facing charges related to a murder case. The case’s significance revolved around the interpretation of an individual’s culpability when they were present during a crime but did not directly commit the act. The core inquiry […]

CJEU decisions on TFEU Article 34 in Keck

. Last modified: January 15, 2024

Introduction to CJEU decisions on TFEU Article 34 in Keck The CJEU’s pivotal decisions on TFEU Article 34 in Keck stand as a cornerstone in European Union law, particularly concerning the free movement of goods. These decisions hold significant importance in interpreting and applying EU law to the internal market. TFEU Article 34 upholds the […]

R v Allen

. Last modified: January 15, 2024

Introduction to R v Allen R v Allen stands as a pivotal legal case involving a dispute between the prosecution, referred to as “the Crown,” and the accused, Mr. Allen. The case bears substantial importance due to its pivotal role in elucidating legal intricacies and the judicial process. It serves as an educational tool, offering […]

Latimer v AEC Ltd

. Last modified: January 15, 2024

Introduction to Latimer v AEC Ltd Latimer v AEC Ltd is an important legal case that occurred due to a workplace accident. It involves Latimer, an employee, and AEC Ltd, the employer. The case teaches us about workplace safety and how courts handle accidents that happen while working. It’s like a lesson in understanding what […]

Thornton v Shoe Lane Parking – 1971

. Last modified: January 12, 2024

Introduction to Thornton v Shoe Lane Parking – 1971 The legal case of Thornton v Shoe Lane Parking, which took place in 1971, revolves around a dispute involving parking fees and the treatment of customers who lost their tickets at the parking garage. This case is important as it delves into the dynamics of consumer […]

The Mens Rea for Murder

. Last modified: January 12, 2024

Introduction to The Mens Rea for Murder In the legal context of murder, establishing mens rea, or the guilty mind, is fundamental. It’s about understanding and proving the mental state or intention of an individual when they committed the crime. In murder cases, proving intent is crucial as it determines the level of responsibility and […]

Sturges v Bridgman – 1879

. Last modified: January 12, 2024

Introduction to Sturges v Bridgman – 1879 The case of Sturges v Bridgman is a significant legal landmark within the framework of property law and the principles of nuisance. It involved a substantial dispute between two individuals, Sturges and Bridgman, relating to disturbances or nuisances occurring in their vicinity. This case holds considerable importance in […]

Revill v Newbery – 1996

. Last modified: January 12, 2024

Introduction to Revill v Newbery – 1996 Revill v Newbery is a crucial legal case concerning negligence in tort law. This case revolves around an incident involving Mr. Revill and Mr. Newbery, which led to a legal dispute over negligence. It’s a significant case because it helps to understand how the law addresses situations where […]

R v Ahluwalia – 1992

. Last modified: January 12, 2024

Introduction to R v Ahluwalia – 1992 The case of R v Ahluwalia stands as a significant milestone in criminal law due to its profound implications for understanding legal responsibilities and the circumstances under which actions are deemed lawful or unlawful. It revolves around an incident that led to a legal dispute and subsequently reached […]

Merritt v Merritt – 1970

. Last modified: January 12, 2024

Introduction to Merritt v Merritt – 1970 “Merritt v Merritt” stands as a significant case in contract law due to its involvement with a dispute between spouses, Mr. and Mrs. Merritt. This case serves as an exemplar in the legal sphere, focusing on the validity and enforceability of agreements made within marital relationships. The case’s […]

Important to Analyse and Understand Common Law Misrepresentation

. Last modified: January 12, 2024

Introduction to  Analyse and Understand Common Law Misrepresentation Misrepresentation is a pivotal facet of contract law, wielding a profound impact on the legitimacy and enforcement of contractual agreements. It constitutes a significant consideration for parties entering into contracts, necessitating a nuanced understanding of its implications and ramifications. The analysis and comprehension of common law misrepresentation […]

Byrne and Co v Van Tienhoven

. Last modified: January 12, 2024

Introduction to Byrne and Co v Van Tienhoven “Byrne and Co v Van Tienhoven” stands as a foundational case in contract law, pivotal for its elucidation of the principles governing offer and acceptance in contract formation. This legal dispute emerged between Byrne and Co, acting as sellers, and Van Tienhoven, a potential buyer. The case’s […]

Burgess v Rawnsley [1975] Ch 429, CA

. Last modified: January 12, 2024

Introduction to Burgess v Rawnsley [1975] “Burgess v Rawnsley [1975] Ch 429, CA” is a significant legal case that delves into property law matters. This case became pivotal due to the dispute between Burgess and Rawnsley regarding the sale of a property. It addressed the critical issue of misrepresentation during property transactions and its influence […]

Gibson v Manchester City Council – 1979

. Last modified: January 12, 2024

Introduction to Gibson v Manchester City Council “Gibson v Manchester City Council – 1979” stands as a pivotal case within housing law. It involved a dispute between Gibson, a tenant, and Manchester City Council over housing conditions. This case holds significance in delineating the rights and responsibilities of tenants and housing authorities. It served as […]

Oxley v Hiscock

. Last modified: January 11, 2024

Introduction to Oxley v Hiscock “Oxley v Hiscock” presents a significant legal scenario in property law, involving two individuals, Oxley and Hiscock, who co-owned a property without being legally married. This case is crucial in highlighting property disputes arising from relationships without formal marriages and addresses the rights and contributions of cohabiting partners. The central […]

Tweddle v Atkinson – 1861

. Last modified: January 11, 2024

Introduction to Tweddle v Atkinson – 1861 “Tweddle v Atkinson – 1861” is a crucial case that shaped contract law principles. It involves two individuals, Tweddle and Atkinson, whose children were to marry. Prior to the wedding, both fathers agreed in a written contract to provide a sum of money to the newlyweds. Sadly, before […]

Barker v Corus – 2006

. Last modified: January 10, 2024

Introduction to Barker v Corus – 2006 Barker v Corus – 2006 is a pivotal case in tort law, specifically addressing the liability of employers regarding occupational diseases stemming from workplace hazards. This case’s importance lies in its exploration of employer responsibility when employees suffer harm due to exposure to hazardous materials like asbestos. It […]

Fagan v Metropolitan Police Commissioner

. Last modified: January 10, 2024

Introduction to Fagan v Metropolitan Police Commissioner “Fagan v Metropolitan Police Commissioner” is a landmark case that significantly influenced the understanding of police powers and legal responsibilities. This case holds importance in defining the boundaries of police authority and individuals’ obligations when interacting with law enforcement. It revolves around an incident where Mr. Fagan was […]

Thorner v Major 2009

. Last modified: January 10, 2024

Introduction to Thorner v Major 2009 “Thorner v Major 2009” holds significant importance in property law, focusing on the establishment of property rights based on assurances and conduct. This case is notable for its exploration of proprietary estoppel, a legal principle concerning promises or assurances leading to expectations and rights in property, even without a […]

Dunlop v Selfridge – 1915

. Last modified: January 10, 2024

Introduction to Dunlop v Selfridge – 1915 Dunlop v Selfridge – 1915 represents a significant milestone in contract law. This case involved a dispute between Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Company, a tire manufacturer, and Selfridge & Co., a retailer. The focal point of contention was the breach of a resale price maintenance agreement. The case’s importance […]

Abbey National Building Society v Cann

. Last modified: January 10, 2024

Introduction to Abbey National Building Society v Cann Abbey National Building Society v Cann is a legal case that involves a dispute between Abbey National, a major financial institution, and Mr. and Mrs. Cann, borrowers in a mortgage agreement. This case centers on disagreements related to a mortgage contract and the property linked to it. […]

Burns v Burns

. Last modified: January 10, 2024

Introduction to Burns v Burns The case of Burns v Burns is a significant legal dispute involving the marital fallout between John and Sarah Burns. Their once-harmonious relationship faced turbulence, resulting in disputes over the division of their shared assets and properties. This case highlights the complexities surrounding property division and legal intricacies in resolving […]

Redgrave v Hurd – 1881

. Last modified: January 10, 2024

Case Overview The legal clash in Redgrave v Hurd – 1881 exemplifies the intricacies within contract law, portraying the conflict between Mr. Redgrave, a solicitor, and Mr. Hurd, a partner, regarding the purchase of a law practice. This case epitomizes the essence of contractual agreements, focusing on the obligation to honor terms and conditions once […]

Esso Petroleum v Mardon – 1976

. Last modified: January 10, 2024

Case Overview The legal dispute of Esso Petroleum v Mardon – 1976 involved a critical examination of representations made by Esso Petroleum to Mr. Mardon concerning the potential profitability of a new petrol station. The case was a matter of contractual representations and whether the information provided by Esso was accurate and reliable enough for […]

R v Stone and Dobinson – 1977

. Last modified: January 10, 2024

Case Overview The case of R v Stone and Dobinson examines the legal intricacies surrounding the duty of care and responsibilities towards vulnerable individuals. At its core, this case underscores the legal obligations of individuals when assuming responsibility for the care of those unable to care for themselves. Gwendolyn Stone and Solomon Dobinson were implicated […]

The Government and the Principle of Legality

. Last modified: January 10, 2024

The principle of legality is a fundamental pillar governing the actions of governments and their officials within the framework of law. At its essence, this principle mandates that all exercises of governmental power must be authorized and constrained by law. This fundamental tenet ensures that government actions are lawful, adhering to established legal norms, statutes, […]

Breach of Duty Lecture

. Last modified: January 9, 2024

Breach of Duty embodies a pivotal component in tort law, serving as a cornerstone in the determination of liability for negligence. It represents a failure to uphold the expected standard of care, leading to legal responsibility for resulting damages or harm experienced by another party. This concept operates as an essential element within legal frameworks, […]

Due Process’ and ‘Crime Control’ Models of Criminal Justice

. Last modified: January 9, 2024

The ‘Due Process’ and ‘Crime Control’ models represent two contrasting philosophies within the realm of criminal justice, each reflecting distinct ideologies and approaches toward the administration of justice. These models serve as conceptual frameworks guiding the legal system’s functioning and shaping the broader aims of criminal justice. Due Process Model: The Due Process model places […]

Wounding and GBH Lecture

. Last modified: January 9, 2024

Defining Wounding and GBH: Wounding is a legal term used to describe an injury where the continuity of the skin is broken. This definition includes various injuries, such as cuts, punctures, or lacerations, regardless of their depth or severity. Even superficial injuries that break the skin’s surface fall within the legal ambit of a wound. […]

Vicarious Liability in Tort Law

. Last modified: January 9, 2024

Vicarious liability in tort law is a legal doctrine that holds one party responsible for the wrongful actions or omissions of another. It arises from the principle that an employer or principal can be held liable for the tortious acts committed by an employee or agent in the course of their employment or agency relationship. […]

The Banker Customer Relationship

. Last modified: January 9, 2024

The relationship between a bank and its customers is a fundamental pillar of the financial system, characterized by trust, obligations, and legal responsibilities. This intricate association is governed by a web of laws, regulations, and ethical considerations that delineate the roles, rights, and duties of both parties. Examining the dynamics of the banker-customer relationship unveils […]

Exclusion Clauses Lecture

. Last modified: January 9, 2024

Introduction Exclusion Clauses Lecture: Exclusion clauses, prevalent in contractual agreements, serve as provisions aimed at limiting or excluding liability between parties involved. These clauses delineate the extent to which one party seeks to exclude or restrict their liability for certain breaches, losses, or damages that might arise during the course of the contractual relationship. Understanding […]

Morris v Murray – 1991

. Last modified: January 9, 2024

Introduction to Morris v Murray – 1991: The legal clash between Morris v Murray – 1991 is a pivotal case that unfolded from events in 1991, pitting Mr. Morris against Mr. Murray. This legal conflict, significant within the legal domain, involves unraveling the core reasons behind their dispute and the subsequent legal proceedings that ensued. […]

McPhail v Doulton

. Last modified: January 9, 2024

Introduction to McPhail v Doulton: The case of McPhail v Doulton stands as a crucial legal matter that delves into the complexities of trust law, specifically concerning discretionary trusts. It emerged as a dispute centered around the interpretation of a trust deed’s provisions, particularly the term “a beneficiary being ascertainable.” This case holds immense significance […]

DPP v Morgan – 1976

. Last modified: January 9, 2024

Introduction to DPP v Morgan – 1976 DPP v Morgan – 1976 holds a crucial place in legal history, particularly in the realm of criminal law. This significant case involved the Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP) filing charges against Mr. Morgan. Notably, the case’s importance extends beyond its immediate circumstances; it played a substantial role […]

Mullin v Richards 1998

. Last modified: January 9, 2024

Introduction to Mullin v Richards 1998 Mullin v Richards 1998 stands as a significant legal case that centers on contract law and the interpretation of contractual obligations. This case emerged due to a dispute between Mr. Mullin, the plaintiff, and Mr. Richards, the defendant, concerning a contractual agreement related to property. It gained prominence for […]

Thomas v Thomas – 1842

. Last modified: January 9, 2024

Introduction to Thomas v Thomas – 1842 The case of Thomas v Thomas – 1842 marks a pivotal point in property law history, centered on a dispute that emerged following the passing of Mr. Thomas. This legal battle garnered attention due to its significance in shaping property rights and understanding the intentions outlined in a […]

Adams v Cape Industries

. Last modified: January 9, 2024

Introduction to Adams v Cape Industries Adams v Cape Industries is a landmark case in corporate law that delves into the relationship between parent companies and their subsidiaries regarding legal liability. The case involves an employee, Mr. Adams, who suffered harm due to asbestos exposure while working for a subsidiary of Cape Industries PLC. This […]

Wilsher v Essex Area Health Authority

. Last modified: January 9, 2024

Introduction to Wilsher v Essex Area Health Authority Wilsher v Essex Area Health Authority was a landmark legal case that unfolded within the context of medical negligence and its consequences on a prematurely born infant. This case gained significance due to its exploration of the duty of care owed by healthcare professionals to their patients, […]

Brinkibon v Stahag Stahl – 1983

. Last modified: January 9, 2024

Case Summary: Brinkibon v Stahag Stahl (1983) is a landmark English contract law case that revolves around the formation of a contract through modern communication methods, specifically telex. It clarifies the crucial concept of place of contract formation and its implications for determining which legal jurisdiction applies in international disputes. Facts of the Case: Brinkibon […]

Antonaides v Villiers [1990]

. Last modified: January 9, 2024

Case Summary: Antonaides v Villiers (1990) is a leading English land law case that redefined the legal status of cohabiting couples occupying the same property. The case challenged the traditional approach to matrimonial property rights and established the concept of a resulting trust in favor of a non-contributing cohabitant who made substantial improvements to the […]

McGhee v National Coal Board – 1973

. Last modified: January 9, 2024

Introduction to McGhee v National Coal Board – 1973 The legal case of McGhee v National Coal Board, originating in 1973, stands as a landmark in the domain of employer liability and causation within the realm of tort law. The case gained prominence due to its pivotal role in reshaping legal interpretations regarding the duty […]

Chappell and Co v Nestle Ltd

. Last modified: January 9, 2024

Introduction to Chappell and Co v Nestle Ltd The case of Chappell and Co v Nestle Ltd delves into an intriguing legal dispute rooted in a promotional offer initiated by Nestle Ltd, the defendant, and challenged by Chappell and Co, the plaintiff, a music publishing company. This dispute revolves around the intricacies of contract law, […]

Explanation of Statute Law

. Last modified: January 5, 2024

Statute law, also known as legislation or statutory law, constitutes a fundamental component of a nation’s legal system. It refers to laws enacted by a legislative body, such as a parliament or congress, and holds significant influence in governing a society. This essay aims to delve into the intricacies of statute law, exploring its definition, […]

Strict Liability in Criminal Law

. Last modified: January 5, 2024

Introduction to Strict Liability in Criminal Law Strict liability represents a legal doctrine where an individual can be found guilty of an offense without the need to prove intent or mens rea. This principle is crucial in criminal law as it shifts the focus from the accused’s state of mind to the actions themselves. It’s […]

Misrepresentation Lecture

. Last modified: January 5, 2024

Introduction to Misrepresentation Lecture Welcome, everyone! Today, we embark on an enlightening journey to explore the intricate facets of misrepresentation within the realm of contract law. Misrepresentation stands as a critical concept shaping contractual agreements, warranting an in-depth understanding of its complexities, implications, and legal significance. Let’s delve into this crucial aspect of contract law […]

DPP v Smith – 1961

. Last modified: January 5, 2024

Introduction to DPP v Smith – 1961 The case of DPP v Smith – 1961 remains significant in legal history, addressing vital legal issues that influenced subsequent legal proceedings. While the specific details might not be readily available, this case’s importance lies in its impact on legal jurisprudence, setting legal precedents or clarifying certain aspects […]

Alcock v Chief Constable of South Yorkshire

. Last modified: January 5, 2024

Introduction to Alcock v Chief Constable of South Yorkshire The case of Alcock v Chief Constable of South Yorkshire is pivotal in legal circles due to its profound impact on negligence law. It emerged from tragic events during the Hillsborough Stadium disaster in 1989, where multiple football fans lost their lives or suffered severe injuries. […]

Postal Rule History and Its Use in Offer Acceptance

. Last modified: January 5, 2024

Introduction to Postal Rule History and Its Use in Offer Acceptance The Postal Rule, a fundamental principle in contract law, stipulates that the acceptance of an offer becomes legally binding when dispatched, even if it doesn’t reach the offeror immediately. Originating in the 19th century, this rule aimed to resolve the complexities arising from communication […]

Wheat v E Lacon & Co Ltd

. Last modified: January 5, 2024

Introduction to Wheat v E Lacon & Co Ltd Wheat v E Lacon & Co Ltd represents a legal case that emerged due to specific circumstances leading to a legal dispute requiring resolution through judicial intervention. Understanding the case’s context is vital as it lays the foundation for comprehending the primary legal issue it seeks […]

Pinnel’s Case – 1602

. Last modified: January 5, 2024

Introduction to the Legal Case Summary The Legal Case Summary serves as a distilled version of a specific legal case, designed to provide a comprehensive yet condensed overview. It aims to present the case’s essential components, including pivotal events, core legal issues, and significant outcomes, all in a simplified manner. This summary acts as a […]

Entores v Miles Far East Corporation

. Last modified: January 5, 2024

Introduction to Entores v Miles Far East Corporation Entores v Miles Far East Corporation is a pivotal case in contract law, renowned for its exploration of contractual communications. The case originated from contractual disputes between Entores, acting as the plaintiffs, and Miles Far East Corporation, the defendants. The disagreement stemmed from issues concerning contractual obligations, […]

R v Wilson – 1996

. Last modified: January 5, 2024

Introduction to R v Wilson – 1996 The legal case of R v Wilson – 1996 involves a significant legal dispute with pertinent circumstances surrounding the incident. It gained attention due to its implications within the legal system. The case centers around events leading to charges brought against an individual named Wilson and unravels the […]

Williams v Roffey Bros – 1991

. Last modified: January 5, 2024

Introduction to Williams v Roffey Bros – 1991 Williams v Roffey Bros – 1991 is a landmark case in contract law, situated within the construction industry’s context. The dispute originated from an agreement between Williams, a carpenter, and Roffey Bros, a building contractor. Williams was contracted to undertake carpentry work for a fixed sum as […]

A and Others v UK – Belmarsh Case

. Last modified: January 5, 2024

Introduction to A and Others v UK – Belmarsh Case The case of A and Others v UK at the Belmarsh prison involves a legal dispute between individuals identified as “A and Others” and the United Kingdom authorities. The case garnered attention due to the circumstances surrounding the detention and treatment of individuals under specific […]

Tomlinson v Congleton Borough Council

. Last modified: January 5, 2024

Introduction to Tomlinson v Congleton Borough Council The legal dispute of Tomlinson v Congleton Borough Council stems from an incident where a park visitor, Tomlinson, sustained severe spinal injuries after diving into a lake under the Council’s management. This case revolves around the fundamental question of whether the Council had a legal obligation to sufficiently […]

Collins v Wilcock – 1984

. Last modified: January 5, 2024

Introduction to Collins v Wilcock – 1984 Collins v Wilcock is a legal case that stemmed from an encounter between Mary Collins, a police officer, and Wilma Wilcock, who was accused by Collins of soliciting in a public street. The situation escalated when Collins attempted to arrest Wilcock based on suspicion, but Wilcock vehemently denied […]

House of Lords Act 1999

. Last modified: January 4, 2024

Introduction to the House of Lords Act 1999 The House of Lords Act 1999 revolutionized the structure of the UK’s House of Lords, significantly altering its centuries-old composition. Before this legislation, the House of Lords predominantly comprised hereditary peers, individuals who inherited their positions based on lineage and nobility. The Act sought to modernize this […]

Magistrates Court Act 1980

. Last modified: January 4, 2024

Introduction to the Magistrates Court Act 1980 The Magistrates Court Act 1980 represents a pivotal legislation in the United Kingdom, outlining the pivotal role and powers of magistrates’ courts within the legal system. This Act was a response to the need for a structured and cohesive framework that defined the operations, jurisdictions, and functions of […]

Miscarriage of Justice Case: Sally Clark

. Last modified: January 4, 2024

Introduction to The Miscarriage of Justice Case The Sally Clark Case is a poignant example of a miscarriage of justice that drew widespread attention globally. This case revolves around Sally Clark, a mother wrongly accused of causing the deaths of her two infant sons. It’s a tragic story that shed light on the profound implications […]

The Neighbour Principle in Tort Law

. Last modified: January 4, 2024

Introduction to The Neighbour Principle in Tort Law The Neighbour Principle is a foundational concept in tort law, originating from the landmark case of Donoghue v Stevenson in 1932. This principle has become a cornerstone, dictating the duty of care an individual owes to others who might foreseeably be affected by their actions or omissions. […]

R v Blaue – 1975

. Last modified: January 4, 2024

Introduction to the R v Blaue – 1975 R v Blaue – 1975 stands as a crucial legal landmark in the domain of criminal law, specifically focusing on the intricate concept of causation. This case carries immense significance owing to its profound impact on elucidating the nexus between criminal actions and their resultant consequences, particularly […]

Hill v Chief Constable of West Yorkshire

. Last modified: January 4, 2024

Introduction to The Hill v Chief Constable of West Yorkshire Hill v Chief Constable of West Yorkshire is a pivotal legal case that grapples with the concept of negligence within law enforcement practices. This case holds substantial importance due to its profound implications on how legal systems interpret the duties and responsibilities of the police […]

Knight v Knight (1840) 3 Beav 148

. Last modified: January 4, 2024

Introduction to The Knight v Knight (1840) 3 Beav 148 Knight v Knight (1840) 3 Beav 148 holds significance within legal history for its profound impact on property and testamentary laws. This case stands as a pivotal milestone influencing the legal landscape concerning the distribution of assets after a person’s demise. The case underscores the […]

Hill v Baxter – 1958

. Last modified: January 4, 2024

Introduction to The Hill v Baxter – 1958 Hill v Baxter – 1958 marks a pivotal legal case that garnered attention due to its involvement in a road accident dispute. This case gained notability for its significant role in shaping the legal landscape surrounding road accidents within the legal framework. Its relevance lies in offering […]

Gregg v Scott

. Last modified: January 4, 2024

Introduction to The Gregg v Scott Gregg v Scott is a landmark legal case that delves into the realm of medical negligence and its legal implications. It emerged as a crucial litigation where a patient challenged a physician’s actions, alleging negligence in medical care. This case holds significant importance as it probes the intersection between […]

Moncrieff v Jamieson

. Last modified: January 4, 2024

Introduction to The Moncrieff v Jamieson Moncrieff v Jamieson, a legal case heard in court, deals with contract disagreements. It holds substantial importance as it provides a window into how legal systems handle disputes between people who signed contracts. Understanding this case helps us grasp how courts interpret contract laws, which are rules defining agreements […]

Ashburn Anstalt v Arnold

. Last modified: January 4, 2024

Introduction to The Ashburn Anstalt v Arnold Ashburn Anstalt v Arnold, a pivotal legal case, navigates the intricate landscape of contract disputes. Its paramount significance lies in its ability to unearth the complexities entwined within the realm of contract law. This case serves as a beacon illuminating the nuances of contractual obligations and breaches, offering […]

Fisher v Bell – 1961

. Last modified: January 4, 2024

Introduction to The Fisher v Bell – 1961 Fisher v Bell – 1961, a significant case in legal history, revolves around the legal intricacies of displaying items for sale in shop windows. This case is pivotal as it delves into the nuanced difference between an offer and an invitation to treat within contract law, especially […]

Spartan Steel v Martin & Co

. Last modified: January 4, 2024

Introduction to Spartan Steel v Martin & Co Spartan Steel v Martin & Co stands as a significant legal case, spotlighting contract disputes and their legal consequences. This case serves as a cornerstone in legal circles, exploring the intricacies of contractual obligations and breach implications. Its relevance lies in deciphering the legal underpinnings dictating contract […]

Combe v Combe – 1951

. Last modified: January 4, 2024

Introduction to Combe v Combe – 1951 Combe v Combe – 1951 presented a significant legal scenario regarding promises made within a marital relationship and their enforceability in court. It addressed the intricate intersection of family promises and contract law, aiming to determine whether such promises could legally bind parties or if they lacked the […]

Lister v Hesley Hall Ltd – 2002

. Last modified: January 4, 2024

Introduction to Lister v Hesley Hall Ltd Lister v Hesley Hall Ltd – 2002, a legal case of significant importance, delved into the concept of vicarious liability within employment law. The case addressed whether an employer could be held responsible for the wrongful actions of their employee even if the employer wasn’t directly involved or […]

Dickinson v Dodds

. Last modified: January 4, 2024

Introduction to Dickinson v Dodds Dickinson v Dodds is a crucial legal case concerning contract law. This case is of paramount importance because it focuses on the formation and revocation of a contract. Contract law governs agreements between parties, and this case sheds light on the complexities of these agreements. Dickinson v Dodds holds significance […]

Fairchild v Glenhaven Funeral Services

. Last modified: January 4, 2024

Introduction to Fairchild v Glenhaven Funeral Services Fairchild v Glenhaven Funeral Services emerged as a landmark case regarding occupational diseases caused by asbestos exposure. This legal battle highlighted the complexities of attributing liability when multiple employers contribute to an individual’s health issues. The case originated from concerns over asbestos exposure, leading to severe health complications […]

Smith v Littlewoods – [1987]

. Last modified: January 3, 2024

Introduction to Smith v Littlewoods Smith v Littlewoods [1987] signifies an essential legal case arising from a dispute between Mr. Smith and Littlewoods in 1987. This case is of substantial significance in legal history due to its pivotal role in clarifying specific legal issues and contributing to the evolution of certain laws. Understanding the context […]

Paris v Stepney Borough Council

. Last modified: January 3, 2024

Introduction to Paris v Stepney Borough Council Paris v Stepney Borough Council refers to an essential case that dates back to 1949 and holds significant importance in the legal realm. This case centered on Mr. Paris, an employee of Stepney Borough Council, whose workplace accident resulted in substantial eye damage. This incident triggered discussions on […]

Home Office v Dorset Yacht Co Ltd

. Last modified: January 3, 2024

Introduction The case of Home Office v Dorset Yacht Co Ltd is a significant legal matter rooted in an incident that happened in 1971 involving two vessels: the Home Office-owned “Lady Daphne” and the Dorset Yacht. This case holds a pivotal place in legal history because it set fundamental standards for evaluating negligence in administrative […]

Trusts of Land and Appointment of Trustees Act 1996 (TLATA)

. Last modified: January 3, 2024

Introduction to Land Trusts and TLATA Land trusts work like a teamwork agreement where one person looks after land or property for someone else. The Trusts of Land and Appointment of Trustees Act 1996 (TLATA) is like a rule book for these land trusts. It helps manage disagreements or conflicts that arise when multiple people […]

The Dark Figure of Crime and the Reporting of Crimes

. Last modified: January 3, 2024

Introduction Understanding the full scope of criminal activity within a society is essential for maintaining law and order. However, not all crimes are reported to authorities, leading to what experts term the “dark figure of crime.” This hidden realm comprises unreported or underreported criminal incidents, creating a gap between recorded and actual criminal activities. The […]

Separation of Powers in the UK

. Last modified: January 3, 2024

Introduction to Separation of Powers in the UK The concept of “Separation of Powers” is fundamental in the UK’s governance, aiming to prevent the concentration of power in a single entity. In essence, it divides the government into three branches: the Legislature, responsible for making laws (Parliament); the Executive, responsible for implementing laws and governing […]

Saunders v Vautier

. Last modified: January 3, 2024

Introduction Saunders v Vautier: The legal dispute of Saunders v Vautier centers around the termination of a trust. It stands as a noteworthy case in the domain of trust law, specifically shedding light on the rights vested in beneficiaries concerning the termination of trusts. This case exemplifies the potential authority beneficiaries may possess in altering […]

Smith v Leech Brain & Co Ltd

. Last modified: January 3, 2024

Introduction: The case of Smith v Leech Brain & Co Ltd marks a pivotal juncture in tort law, spotlighting the cornerstone principle of foreseeability in determining liability. Its significance reverberates through legal corridors, serving as a compass guiding courts in navigating complex negligence claims. This landmark case is a testament to the delicate balance between […]

Murphy v Brentwood District Council

. Last modified: January 3, 2024

Introduction to Murphy v Brentwood District Council The legal case of Murphy v Brentwood District Council stands as a pivotal point in the realm of negligence law, particularly within the construction and building law domain. This case has etched its significance by offering insights into the intricate relationship between local authorities, building regulations, and individual […]

Salomon v Salomon – Case Summary

. Last modified: January 3, 2024

Introduction: Salomon v Salomon is a landmark case that significantly impacted the legal understanding of companies and their structure. This case laid the groundwork for crucial concepts in business law, particularly regarding the separation of a company from its owners. It marked a pivotal shift in perceiving companies as distinct legal entities, separate from their […]

L’Estrange v Graucob – 1934

. Last modified: January 3, 2024

Introduction to L’Estrange v Graucob – 1934 The case of L’Estrange v Graucob – 1934 holds immense significance in the realm of contracts and how they’re interpreted, particularly in situations involving standard form contracts or agreements with fine print. This case is akin to a guiding compass for understanding the consequences when individuals sign contracts […]

Caparo v Dickman Case Summary

. Last modified: January 3, 2024

Introduction to Caparo v Dickman The case of Caparo v Dickman is significant in the legal world, especially in dealing with negligence. It’s like a guidebook used by courts to decide if someone is legally responsible for someone else’s losses. This case introduced something called the “Caparo test,” which is vital in determining when someone […]

Chester v Afshar – 2004

. Last modified: January 3, 2024

Introduction to Chester v Afshar – 2004: The case of Chester v Afshar – 2004 holds immense importance in the medical field and the realm of patient rights. This legal saga sheds light on the crucial aspect of informed consent in medical procedures. In simpler terms, it’s about whether a patient has the right to […]

R v Smith – 1959

. Last modified: January 3, 2024

Introduction to R v Smith – 1959 The case of R v Smith – 1959 is pivotal in the world of criminal law. It’s like a cornerstone, guiding us on how the law determines responsibility for certain actions leading to harmful consequences. This case holds immense importance because it delved into the question of when […]

Adams v Lindsell

. Last modified: January 3, 2024

Introduction to Adams v Lindsell: The case of Adams v Lindsell stands as a significant milestone in contract law. Think of it as a guiding beacon in the vast sea of legal dealings. This case holds a profound importance because it helps unravel the intricacies of how contracts are formed and, importantly, what occurs when […]

Re Ellenborough Park

. Last modified: January 2, 2024

Introduction to Re Ellenborough Park: The case of Re Ellenborough Park holds paramount significance in property law. It’s like a guidebook for understanding land rights and how legal protection is provided for those rights. Think of it as a milestone because it’s a crucial decision that helps in understanding how land rights are legally upheld. […]

Lloyds Bank v Rosset

. Last modified: January 2, 2024

Introduction to Lloyds Bank v Rosset: The case of Lloyds Bank v Rosset holds immense importance in the realm of property law. It revolves around the critical concept of beneficial interests in properties and shapes how courts interpret ownership rights in property disputes. This case is pivotal as it provides guidance on understanding the rights […]

Stilk v Myrick 1809 – Case Summary

. Last modified: January 2, 2024

Introduction to Stilk v Myrick: The case of Stilk v Myrick from 1809 holds great importance in understanding how contracts operate and the legal consequences related to agreements. This case specifically deals with promises made within contracts and what happens when parties fail to fulfill their obligations. Stilk v Myrick’s impact reverberates in legal circles, […]

White v Jones – 1995

. Last modified: January 2, 2024

Introduction to White v Jones: The case of White v Jones is a critical milestone in understanding contract law and professional negligence. It involves individuals, White and Jones, and their solicitor-client relationship. This case is pivotal in shedding light on the responsibilities of solicitors and the repercussions of professional negligence in the context of will […]

Bisset v Wilkinson – 1927

. Last modified: December 28, 2023

Introduction to Bisset v Wilkinson: The legal case, Bisset v Wilkinson, plays a crucial role in understanding contract law. It involves two individuals, Bisset and Wilkinson, and highlights essential elements within contract agreements. This case stands out for its impact on defining how contracts are formed and the responsibilities they entail. Analyzing Bisset v Wilkinson […]

Baker v Willoughby – 1970

. Last modified: December 28, 2023

Introduction: Baker v Willoughby is a significant case in discussions of tort law, highlighting key aspects of personal injury and negligence claims. This legal dispute involving Baker and Willoughby has a profound impact on understanding legal responsibilities concerning subsequent injuries. Its importance lies in shaping the principles governing personal injury law and the determination of […]

Hunter v Canary Wharf

. Last modified: December 28, 2023

Introduction to Hunter v Canary Wharf: The Hunter v Canary Wharf case carries significant weight within property law discussions. This legal dispute involved Mr. Hunter and the Canary Wharf Group and brought to light critical matters regarding property rights and what constitutes interference with those rights. The case gained prominence due to its implications in […]

Prest v Petrodel

. Last modified: December 28, 2023

Introduction: The Prest v Petrodel case stands as a significant legal matter, drawing attention within the realms of family and corporate law. This case involves a dispute between Michael Prest and Petrodel Resources Ltd, emphasizing intricate legal nuances that impact corporate structures in divorce settlements. Notably complex, it garners attention from legal professionals and scholars […]

Tort of Negligent Misstatement

. Last modified: December 28, 2023

Introduction to Negligent Misstatement: Negligent misstatement occurs when someone provides incorrect or misleading information, leading to harm or loss for another person who relies on that information. This is an essential concept in law because it deals with situations where people give advice or information without being careful enough, causing problems for others. In legal […]

The Tort of Negligence

. Last modified: December 28, 2023

Introduction to Negligence: Negligence, a pivotal concept in law, defines responsibilities concerning reasonable conduct to prevent harm. In legal terms, it refers to the failure to exercise the level of care that a reasonably prudent person would in similar circumstances. Understanding negligence is crucial in civil litigation, especially in personal injury cases. It forms the […]

Jolley v Sutton London Borough Council

. Last modified: December 28, 2023

Introduction: Jolley v Sutton London Borough Council addresses vital legal aspects concerning duty of care and negligence. Its importance lies in illustrating real-life situations where legal principles are applied to resolve disputes. This case serves as a reference point in legal education, offering insights into the practical application of law. Facts of the Case: The […]

Kent v Griffiths – 2000

. Last modified: December 28, 2023

Introduction: Kent v Griffiths presents a pivotal scenario that delves into the fundamental aspect of the duty of care owed by emergency medical services, particularly ambulance services, to individuals requiring immediate medical attention. The case holds importance due to its clarification of the legal expectations and obligations imposed upon ambulance services when responding to emergency […]

Murphy v Brentwood District Council

. Last modified: December 28, 2023

Introduction: The legal case of Murphy v Brentwood District Council stands as a pivotal point in the realm of negligence law, particularly within the construction and building law domain. This case has etched its significance by offering insights into the intricate relationship between local authorities, building regulations, and individual homeowners affected by defective constructions. Its […]

Robinson v Harman – 1848

. Last modified: December 28, 2023

Introduction to Robinson v Harman – 1848 The legal dispute of Robinson v Harman involved conflicting interpretations and allegations surrounding a contractual agreement. Robinson and Harman found themselves entangled in a disagreement regarding the fulfillment of their agreed-upon terms, leading to a legal battle to determine whether a breach of contract had occurred and the […]

Smith v Hughes

. Last modified: December 28, 2023

Introduction to Smith v Hughes Smith v Hughes represents a crucial legal dispute involving conflicting interpretations of a sales agreement between the parties, Smith and Hughes. The heart of the matter revolved around differing perceptions regarding the contractual obligations concerning the sale of oats. The case raised significant questions regarding the nature of contractual agreements, […]

Judicial Precedent Lecture 1

. Last modified: December 23, 2023

Introduction to Judicial Precedent Lecture 1 “Judicial Precedent Lecture 1” offers an introductory exploration into the concept of judicial precedent, emphasizing its crucial role in legal decision-making. This lecture serves as a foundational guide to understanding how prior legal decisions influence current and future cases. Exploring the context, this lecture underscores the importance of judicial […]

Tulk v Moxhay – Case Brief

. Last modified: December 23, 2023

Introduction to Tulk v Moxhay – Case Brief Tulk v Moxhay represents a landmark case in property law, illustrating the significance of restrictive covenants in land transactions. It specifically addresses the legal enforceability of restrictions imposed by a seller on the subsequent owners of a property. This case’s importance lies in its establishment of the […]

Walsh v Lonsdale (1882)

. Last modified: December 23, 2023

Introduction to Walsh v Lonsdale (1882) In 1882, the legal dispute of Walsh v Lonsdale unfolded, involving Mr. Walsh and Mr. Lonsdale. This case revolved around an agreement concerning a property lease that led to disagreements between the two parties, resulting in legal actions. During the late 19th century, property laws and contractual agreements were […]

Wilkinson v Downton – 1897

. Last modified: December 23, 2023

Introduction of the case: Wilkinson v Downton, a notable legal case from 1897, involved a significant dispute between Mr. Wilkinson and Mrs. Downton, which led to a groundbreaking legal decision. The case centered on an incident where Mrs. Downton intentionally misled Mr. Wilkinson by falsely informing him that his wife had been in a serious […]

Pure Economic Loss

. Last modified: December 23, 2023

Introduction Pure Economic Loss refers to financial harm or loss suffered by an individual or entity due to another party’s actions or negligence, without any accompanying physical damage or injury. This type of loss typically involves monetary setbacks, such as lost profits, diminished business opportunities, or incurred expenses, without any direct impact on property or […]

AG Securities v Vaughan – 1990

. Last modified: December 23, 2023

Introduction AG Securities v Vaughan – 1990 involved a legal dispute between AG Securities, a company, and Vaughan, an individual. The significance of this case stemmed from its potential impact on establishing legal guidelines pertinent to their disagreement. This lawsuit’s outcome was pivotal, as it had the potential to set a precedent for similar future […]

Krell v Henry [1903]

. Last modified: December 28, 2023

Case Introduction In the legal case of Krell v Henry [1903], two main people were involved: Krell as the person who sued (plaintiff) and Henry as the person being sued (defendant). This case is important because it dealt with certain legal matters that affected how contracts were understood and interpreted. The decisions made in this […]

Tuberville v Savage – 1669

. Last modified: December 23, 2023

Case Introduction Tuberville v Savage – 1669 stands as a historically significant legal case, pivotal for its impact on the legal landscape of the 17th century. It featured Tuberville as the plaintiff and Savage as the defendant. This case’s relevance extends beyond its time, as it addresses fundamental legal principles that shaped interactions and rights […]

Edgington v Fitzmaurice – 1885

. Last modified: December 23, 2023

Case Introduction The case of Edgington v Fitzmaurice – 1885 stands as a significant legal milestone in contract law history. It involved two key players: Edgington, the plaintiff, and Fitzmaurice, the defendant. This case’s importance is rooted in its exploration of critical legal principles governing contracts and misrepresentations, shaping subsequent legal interpretations in contract law […]

Thoburn v Sunderland City Council

. Last modified: December 23, 2023

Case Introduction The Thoburn v Sunderland City Council case stands as a pivotal legal dispute within British jurisprudence. This case remains highly significant due to its impact on the hierarchical structure of laws within the United Kingdom. Neil Thoburn’s legal battle against the Sunderland City Council became a critical examination of conflicting legal authorities, particularly […]

The Parliament Act 1911

. Last modified: December 23, 2023

Case Introduction The Parliament Act 1911 stands as a landmark in British legislative history, marking a crucial shift in the power dynamics between the House of Commons and the House of Lords. This act was a pivotal response to the longstanding conflict and disagreements between the two houses, intending to resolve the House of Lords’ […]

Bolam v Friern Hospital Management Committee

. Last modified: December 21, 2023

Case Introduction: In the legal case of Bolam v Friern Hospital Management Committee, the dispute arose due to alleged medical negligence. Mr. Bolam, a patient, brought a claim against the hospital management committee, alleging that the treatment he received fell below the accepted medical standards, resulting in harm. This case focuses on examining whether the […]

Miller v Jackson – 1977

. Last modified: December 21, 2023

Case Introduction Miller v Jackson – 1977 involved a legal conflict between neighbors, Mr. Miller and Mr. Jackson. The case revolved around cricket balls from Mr. Miller’s games consistently landing in Mr. Jackson’s property, causing damage and raising safety concerns. Despite attempts to resolve the issue privately, the disagreement escalated, leading to legal action. The […]

CCSU v Minister for the Civil Service

. Last modified: December 21, 2023

Case Introduction In CCSU v Minister for the Civil Service, a significant legal dispute emerged involving CCSU (Council of Civil Service Unions) and the Minister for the Civil Service. The case revolves around key constitutional and administrative matters, highlighting the issues regarding governmental powers and administrative decisions. It’s essential to understand this case within the […]

Hedley Byrne v Heller – Brief Case Summary

. Last modified: December 21, 2023

Case Overview Hedley Byrne v Heller holds substantial legal significance, representing a pivotal case where two parties, Hedley Byrne and Heller, engaged in a significant legal dispute. This landmark case established crucial guidelines and principles governing business relationships and professional interactions. Its profound impact lies in shaping fundamental legal doctrines concerning the duty of care […]

Gissing v Gissing [1971]

. Last modified: December 21, 2023

Case Introduction Gissing v Gissing [1971] is a legal case where Raymond and Mrs. Gissing, a married couple who later separated, disagreed over a property matter. The case focuses on the disagreement about a house Raymond purchased during their marriage. It became a legal issue because Mrs. Gissing believed she deserved a share of the […]

Entick v Carrington [1765]

. Last modified: December 21, 2023

Introduction Entick v Carrington [1765] is a significant legal case from the 18th century that profoundly influenced privacy rights and the limits of governmental authority. The case centered around John Entick, a pamphleteer and writer, and Nathan Carrington, a government official. It took place during a time when England was experiencing political turbulence, marked by […]

Wheeldon v Burrows (1879)

. Last modified: December 21, 2023

Introduction Wheeldon v Burrows is an important legal case heard in 1879 that dealt with property law principles in England. This case is significant because it established crucial legal principles regarding property rights and their transfer when someone buys part of a property. The case involved a property divided into several parts, with different people […]

Overview of Legal Positivism

. Last modified: December 21, 2023

Introduction Legal Positivism is a significant theory in the field of law that focuses on how we understand laws. It suggests that whether a law is right or wrong doesn’t determine if it’s valid. Instead, it says that the most important thing about a law is where it comes from and who made it. This […]

The Wednesbury Principle

. Last modified: December 21, 2023

Introduction The Wednesbury Principle, originating from the landmark case of Associated Provincial Picture Houses Ltd v Wednesbury Corporation, stands as a fundamental tenet in administrative law. It asserts that administrative decisions can be reviewed by the courts if they are found to be so unreasonable that no reasonable authority would have arrived at the same […]

Ghaidan v Godin-Mendoza

. Last modified: December 21, 2023

Introduction The Ghaidan v Godin-Mendoza case is a significant legal dispute that involved important considerations about rights, particularly relating to housing and discrimination. It had far-reaching implications in shaping how the law is interpreted and applied in similar situations. Before Ghaidan v Godin-Mendoza, there were legal debates about the rights of individuals in certain living […]

Partridge v Crittenden – 1968

. Last modified: December 21, 2023

Introduction Partridge v Crittenden is a pivotal legal case centered on an advertisement where Mr. Partridge offered “bramblefinch cocks and hens” for sale. The case was significant in clarifying the legal implications of advertisements. Taking place in 1968, the case unfolded during a time when legal debates surrounding advertisements and their legal ramifications were gaining […]

Taylor v Caldwell – 1863

. Last modified: December 21, 2023

Introduction Taylor v Caldwell is a landmark case in contract law that dealt with unforeseen events rendering a contract impossible to perform. It revolved around a contract for renting a music hall for events. However, before the events could take place, the music hall was destroyed by fire, making it unusable. During the mid-19th century, […]

Derry v Peek – 1889

. Last modified: December 21, 2023

Introduction Derry v Peek is a significant legal case that involved a dispute regarding the accuracy of information shared by a company before issuing shares to the public. It’s a pivotal case in contract law, particularly regarding misrepresentation. The case arose from statements made by a tramway company regarding their ability to get an act […]

Consideration in Contract Law

. Last modified: December 28, 2023

Introduction to Consideration in Contract Law Consideration refers to something of value exchanged between parties in a contract. It is a crucial element that makes a contract legally binding. Without consideration, a promise might not be enforceable. Consideration acts as the ‘price’ for a promise in a contract. It demonstrates that both parties involved are […]

The Royal Prerogative Lecture

. Last modified: December 21, 2023

Introduction The Royal Prerogative Lecture is a significant event discussing the historical and legal aspects of the Royal Prerogative. This lecture is essential for understanding the powers historically held by the monarchy in the UK and their relevance today. The Royal Prerogative refers to the ancient powers and privileges once possessed by the monarch. These […]

Donoghue v Stevenson Case Summary

. Last modified: December 21, 2023

Introduction The Donoghue v Stevenson case is a significant legal matter in tort law. It involved Mrs. Donoghue, who fell ill after drinking ginger beer contaminated by a decomposed snail. This case led to the establishment of the concept of duty of care and negligence. This case is crucial as it set a precedent in […]

Carlill v Carbolic Smoke Ball Co – 1893

. Last modified: December 21, 2023

Introduction Carlill v Carbolic Smoke Ball Co is a famous case where Mrs. Carlill sued the company for breach of contract. The case revolved around an advertisement offering a reward for anyone who used the smoke ball product and contracted influenza. This case is highly significant in contract law as it established principles regarding unilateral […]

Caparo v Dickman Case Summary

. Last modified: December 13, 2023

Introduction In the Caparo v Dickman case, Caparo Industries plc brought a lawsuit against their auditors, Dickman, alleging negligence in financial reports. The case became significant in defining the duty of care in negligence and had a profound impact on the field of tort law. This case played a crucial role in establishing legal principles […]

Hyde v Wrench – 1840

. Last modified: December 13, 2023

Introduction In Hyde v Wrench – 1840, the case involved a disagreement over the sale of a farm property between Mr. Hyde and Mr. Wrench. Mr. Wrench offered to sell his farm to Mr. Hyde for £1,000. However, Mr. Hyde proposed to buy it for £950 instead. This situation led to a legal dispute, highlighting […]

The Concept of Locus Standi

. Last modified: December 13, 2023

Introduction Locus standi is a legal term that refers to the right or capacity of a person or entity to bring a case or challenge before a court. It’s also known as standing. This concept is crucial because not everyone can just go to court and file a case. You need to have a real […]

Sexual Offences Act 2003 – Summary

. Last modified: December 13, 2023

Introduction The Sexual Offences Act 2003 is a very important law in the UK that deals with various kinds of sexual crimes, like rape and sexual assault. It lays down clear rules to protect people from these types of harmful actions and punishes those who commit such offenses. This law is crucial because it helps […]

Offers and Invitation to Treat

. Last modified: December 13, 2023

Introduction Offers and Invitation to Treat form the cornerstone of contract law, delineating crucial distinctions in the formation of legal agreements. Offers denote explicit proposals intending to establish binding contracts, while Invitation to Treat represents an invitation for prospective parties to make offers. This case study aims to unravel the complexities surrounding these concepts, emphasizing […]

Foakes v Beer – 1883

. Last modified: December 13, 2023

Introduction Foakes v Beer – 1883 remains a significant case in the realm of contract law, offering valuable insights into the principles governing agreements between parties. This case study endeavors to illuminate the case’s relevance and its implications, aiming to decipher its influence on the interpretation and enforcement of contracts in legal settings. By scrutinizing […]

Bourhill v Young [1943] AC 92

. Last modified: December 13, 2023

Introduction Bourhill v Young [1943] AC 92 stands as a landmark case within the legal sphere, particularly in tort law. This case study aims to unravel the intricate details of this case, spotlighting its relevance and honing in on its profound impact on legal principles. By embarking on an exploration of Bourhill v Young, the […]

The Land Registration Act 2002 (LRA)

. Last modified: December 13, 2023

Introduction The Land Registration Act 2002 (LRA) stands as a pivotal statute in the United Kingdom, revolutionizing the process of land and property registration. Its significance lies in offering a more transparent and efficient system for recording land ownership and interests. This case study aims to illuminate the practical implications of the LRA through an […]

Page v Smith – 1996

. Last modified: December 13, 2023

Introduction to Page v Smith Case: The Page v Smith case, originating from a car accident in 1996, brought to light crucial legal considerations regarding negligence and its impact on pre-existing health conditions. This landmark case pivoted on the intricate intersection of negligence law and psychiatric harm, particularly concerning the exacerbation of pre-existing health conditions […]

Associative Discrimination and Equality Act

. Last modified: December 13, 2023

Introduction to Associative Discrimination: Associative discrimination refers to the unfair treatment of an individual due to their association with someone possessing a protected characteristic outlined in the Equality Act 2010. This form of discrimination extends protection to individuals facing prejudice based on their relationship or connection with someone who has a protected characteristic, such as […]

Van Gend en Loos Case Summary

. Last modified: December 13, 2023

Introduction to Van Gend en Loos Case: The Van Gend en Loos case represents a pivotal moment in the development of European Union law, shaping the legal framework of the European Community. Originating from a dispute between a Dutch transport company, Van Gend en Loos, and Dutch customs authorities, this case holds profound significance. It […]

Hadley v Baxendale – 1854

. Last modified: December 13, 2023

Introduction to Hadley v Baxendale: Hadley v Baxendale stands as a pivotal case in the realm of contract law, marking a crucial milestone in legal jurisprudence. It illuminates the fundamental principles governing the measurement of damages in cases of contract breaches. The case’s significance lies in its profound impact on defining the extent of compensation […]

Actus Reus Lecture

. Last modified: December 13, 2023

Introduction to Actus Reus: Actus Reus, a foundational concept in criminal law, denotes the physical act or conduct that forms the basis of a criminal offense. It encompasses the external elements of an unlawful act, emphasizing the necessity of a wrongful act to establish criminal liability. Actus Reus is a fundamental aspect of proving guilt […]

Intervening Acts and Remoteness Lecture

. Last modified: December 13, 2023

Introduction In law, an intervening act is an event that occurs between the defendant’s negligent act and the plaintiff’s injury. This act can break the chain of causation, meaning that the defendant is not legally responsible for the plaintiff’s injury. An example of an intervening act would be if a driver carelessly leaves their car […]

Duty of Care Test in Caparo v Dickman

. Last modified: December 13, 2023

Introduction to Caparo v Dickman Caparo Industries plc v Dickman is a significant case that shaped negligence law in the United Kingdom. This legal dispute involved Caparo Industries, an investment company, suing its auditors, Dickman, for alleged negligence. The core of this case was establishing the existence of a duty of care between Caparo Industries […]

Street v Mountford

. Last modified: December 13, 2023

Introduction to Street v Mountford Street v Mountford is a significant legal case in landlord-tenant law that took place in the United Kingdom. It involves a legal dispute between Ms. Street, the landlord, and Mr. Mountford, the tenant. The core of this case revolves around the nature of the agreement between the parties and whether […]

Bolton v Stone 1951

. Last modified: December 13, 2023

Case Background and Introduction The case of Bolton v Stone 1951 pertains to an incident at a cricket ground where Stone, a passerby, was struck by a cricket ball that had been hit out of the ground. Bolton, acting on behalf of Stone, sued the cricket club, alleging negligence for the injuries sustained. The central […]

Rylands v Fletcher Case Summary

. Last modified: December 13, 2023

Introduction to Rylands v Fletcher Case The Rylands v Fletcher case is significant in legal history, dealing with the liability for escaping substances causing damage. It involved two parties: Rylands, the owner of a mill, and Fletcher, the neighboring landowner. The case was brought to court due to the escape of water from a reservoir […]

Jones v Kernott

. Last modified: December 13, 2023

Case Introduction and Background Jones v Kernott is a significant legal case regarding property ownership. The case revolves around a dispute between Mr. Jones and Ms. Kernott over a jointly owned property. They had previously purchased a home together but later separated. The disagreement arose when they couldn’t agree on the division of the property. […]

Article 34 TFEU Interpretation | Regulation of Markets

. Last modified: December 13, 2023

Introduction to Article 34 TFEU Article 34 TFEU is a significant provision within the European Union’s legal framework, aiming to facilitate the free movement of goods among member states. This article is fundamental in creating a unified and integrated market, fostering economic collaboration among EU nations. Its primary objective is to prevent unjustified barriers or […]

Nettleship v Weston 1971

. Last modified: December 13, 2023

Case Introduction Nettleship v Weston 1971 is a significant English case in negligence law. It involves a driving lesson where Mrs. Weston, a learner driver, lost control, causing damage. Mrs. Nettleship, the instructor, was guiding Mrs. Weston during the lesson. The case addresses duty of care and standard of care in negligence cases. It questions […]

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